Model Induktif Kata Bergambar Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Kemampuan Verbal Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Ridwan Budi Pramono, Dwi Astuti, Jayanti Putri Purwaningrum

Abstract


Kemampuan verbal memegang peranan penting dalam perkembangan kognitif dan akademis anak. Kemampuan verbal juga mendukung pemahaman anak dalam menguasai mata pelajaran yang berimbas langsung pada kemampuan akademisnya. Model induktif kata bergambar merupakan salah satu metode pembelajaran yang fokus pada penguasaan dan pengembangan kosakata. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas model induktif kata bergambar dalam meningkatkan kemampuan verbal. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuasi eksperimen dengan desain mengunakan dua kelompok yang diamati. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas 3 sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Kudus yang dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen. Pengambilan subjek didasarkan pada observasi dan wawancara dengan kriteria yang telah ditetapkan oleh peneliti. Pengukuran dilakukan saat pretes dan posttes menggunakan alat tes WISC. Tes WISC merupakan tes inteligensi yang biasa digunakan untuk mengukur taraf kecerdasan anak usia 5 tahun hingga 15 tahun. Pemberian perlakuan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode pembelajaran model induktif kata bergambar. Analisis statistik yang digunakan dalam penelitian menggunakan analisis uji Wilcoxon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan dengan skor 0,49 yang termasuk pada kategori sedang dengan sumbangan efektif sebesar 27,58%.


Keywords


kemampuan verbal, model induktif kata bergambar, WISC

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31100/jurkam.v3i2.369


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